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sturm und drang definition

11 Jan 2021, Posted by in Allgemein

In literature: Finally we come to Sturm und Drang, the work of an anonymous writer. Did You Know? 178–189. We see allusions to Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet through the feuds of the households, as well as All's Well That Ends Well in some of the character’s names (Liedner xiii). The Sturm und Drang movement was brief, but it set a fire that still burns intensely today. Though Haydn may not have been consciously affirming the anti-rational ideals of Sturm und Drang, one can certainly perceive the influence of contemporary trends in musical theatre on his instrumental works during this period. 1. a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally) "the industrial revolution was a period of great turbulence" translation and definition "Sturm und Drang", English-Polish Dictionary online. Did You Know? It's more witty and upbeat, though. He was a dramatist, producer, translator, and lawyer for the traveling Abel Seyler theatre company. Sturm und Drang was a proto-Romantic movement in German literature and music that occurred between the late 1760s and early 1780s. The period is named for Friedrich Maximilian Klinger's play of the same name, which was first performed by Abel Seyler's famed theatrical company in 1777. He went on to write “Notes on the Theatre”, The New Menoza and Der Hofmeister (“The Tutor”) in 1774, Pandemonium Germanicum in 1775, and Die Soldaten (“The Soldiers”) in 1776 (Liedner xi). The aristocracy gained power as the ruling class, furthering the divide and increasing tensions between the classes (Liedner viii). It should be stressed, however, that the very principles which forced them to burst the husk of the Sturm und Drang are in themselves a vital element within the Sturm und Drang. The Sturm und Drang movement did not last long; according to Betty Waterhouse it began in 1771 and ended in 1778 (Waterhouse v). A Sturm und Drang period is often attributed to the works of the Austrian composer Joseph Haydn from the late 1760s to early 1770s. p. 423, Learn how and when to remove this template message, http://www.grovemusic.com/shared/views/article.html?section=music.27035, Sturm und Drang. Post the Definition of Sturm und Drang to Facebook, Share the Definition of Sturm und Drang on Twitter, Words From 1921: 100 Years Old and Still Around. Type: noun; Copy to clipboard; Details / edit; plwordnet-defs. Lenz took Aristotle’s popular idea of plot being more important than character and reversed it, as well as reclassified the distinctions between comedy and tragedy. München: C.H.Beck Verlag, 2. aktualisierte Auflage. He studied medicine at Karlsschule Stuttgart, a prestigious military academy founded by the Duke of Württemberg. "The industrial revolution was a period of great turbulence" Sturm und Drang study guide by almosttoopale includes 16 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Turmoil.Related terms 2. Epoche-Werke-Wirkung. Die Kindermorderin was one of the most traditional plays of the Sturm und Drang. Accessed 9 Jan. 2021. He studied law at Giessen with the financial help of Goethe’s family. drang definition in theGerman definition dictionary from Reverso, drang meaning, see also 'Sturm und Drang',dran',drängen',drängeln', conjugation, German vocabulary HB Garland, Storm and Stress (London, 1952). Far before its time, the divergent style of Sturm und Drang shrewdly explored depression and violence with an open plot structure (Liedner ix). The plot portrays a conflict between two aristocratic brothers, Franz and Karl Moor. [9] The literature of Sturm und Drang features an anti-aristocratic slant while seeking to elevate all things humble, natural, or intensely real (especially whatever is painful, tormenting, or frightening). Sturm und Drang - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. It marked an era in which self-expression was paramount, an era in which one’s darkest emotions and most triumphant accomplishments could be celebrated with explosive honesty and sincerity. From German Sturm und Drang (translated as: storm and stress, literally: storm and urge/yearning), title of the 1776 play about the American Revolution, by dramatist Friedrich Maximilian von Klinger (1752-1831). quotations ▼ (eds.). Sturm und Drang (n.) 1844, literally "storm and stress," late 18c. XVI/32 in B minor (1774-76), String Quartet No. In act five, his views on God “represent the most blasphemous attack on religion in German literature up to that time… [and] is a masterful work of social dynamics that takes deep German patterns of sensibility into account” (Leidner xiv). Friedrich Schiller was born in Marbach on November 10, 1759. Learn a new word every day. Literatur im Sturm und Drang. Child murder was a very popular topic in the 18th century and all of the major Sturm und Drang writers used it as a subject in their writings (Waterhouse 97). Used mostly in German music of the Romantic era. 2, pp. This seemingly spontaneous movement became associated with a wide array of German authors and composers of the mid-to-late Classical period. However, Sturm und Drang “makes its own distinctive contribution to 18th-century culture, bringing attention to the power of the environment as well as to the contradictory and self-defeating attitudes present in every segment of society” (Liedner ix). Referat: Sturm und Drang Epoche INHALTSVERZEICHNIS -Entstehung der Sturm und Drang -Epoche -Hauptvertreter der Epoche -Merkmale der Epoche -Form der Literatur -Kurze Zusammenfassung des Referates -Quellenangabe ENTSTEHUNG STURM UND DRANG -EPOCHE -1767 - 1790 … Sturm und Drang synonyms, Sturm und Drang pronunciation, Sturm und Drang translation, English dictionary definition of Sturm und Drang. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. He studied theology and philosophy at the University of Konigsberg. Illustrating an undesirable, conflicted character with no power over her situation who does whatever she can to get through her current state, The Soldiers displays a “well-observed world where one’s identity is fluid – and hopelessly entangled in the social and linguistic environment” (Liedner xi). (1993). Although the literary movement was well known in Germany in the late 1700s, the term "Sturm und Drang" didn’t appear in English prose until the mid-1800s. A crusade against rigid rationalism, the Sturm und Drang movement had always interested me as a writer. (1993). Get Word of the Day delivered to your inbox! 2, pp. 1. 6th Edition. Karthaus, Ulrich: Sturm und Drang. Meaning of Sturm und Drang. Sturm und drang DEFINITION A style of composition that communicates emotions of stress, fear, horror, anxiety, etc. Sturm und Drang (/ˌʃtʊərm ʊnt ˈdræŋ, ˈdrɑːŋ/;[1] German pronunciation: [ˈʃtʊɐ̯m ʊnt ˈdʁaŋ], literally "storm and drive", though usually translated as "storm and stress")[2] was a proto-Romantic movement in German literature and music that occurred between the late 1760s and early 1780s. Sturm und Drang - definicja, synonimy, przykłady użycia. Die Räuber tells the story of two brothers, the younger of which is infuriated by how society favors the first-born child and he acts on his feelings without any regard to societal rules or social standing. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was born in August 1749, in the Free Imperial City of Frankfurt, Holy Roman Empire. Sturm und Drang are a five-member heavy metal band with power metal and hard rock influences from Vaasa, Finland.Sturm und Drang have released two studio albums and toured places like Europe, Scandinavia and Japan. Information and translations of STURM UND DRANG in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Sturm und Drang Pronunciation: (shtoorm" oont dräng'), [key] a style or movement of German literature of the latter half of the 18th century: characterized chiefly by impetuosity of manner, exaltation of individual sensibility and intuitive perception, opposition to established forms … Significant theoretical statements of Sturm und Drang aesthetics by the movement's central dramatists themselves include Lenz' Anmerkungen übers Theater and Goethe's Von deutscher Baukunst and Zum Schäkespears Tag (sic). Though it is argued that literature and music associated with Sturm und Drang predate this seminal work, it was from this point that German artists became distinctly self-conscious of a new aesthetic. Goethe was well known for his staging as well as his long dramatic poem Faust (Goethe's Faust) (Wilson and Goldfarb 287). n. 1. Sturm und Drang - a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally); "the industrial revolution was a period of great turbulence" upheaval , turbulence political science , politics , government - the study of government of states and other political units This play also uses a vast array of colorful language to demonstrate the variety of characters and their social statuses. Turmoil.Related terms 2. Dramatists and writers saw the stage as a venue for critique and discussion of societal issues. Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature: 1. Die Epoche des Sturm und Drang (1765–1785) war ein ausschließlich deutsches Phänomen, das sich hauptsächlich in der Literatur niederschlug. Sturm definition in theGerman definition dictionary from Reverso, Sturm meaning, see also 'Die Zeichen stehen auf Sturm. Friedrich Maximilian Klinger was born in Frankfurt on February 17, 1752. 8 Words for Storms the Weather Report Didn't Mention. definitions - Sturm_und_Drang report a problem. [6] The alternative perspective is that of a literary movement inextricably linked to simultaneous developments in prose, poetry, and drama, extending its direct influence throughout the German-speaking lands until the end of the 18th century. See more. Christoph Willibald Gluck's 1761 ballet, Don Juan, heralded the emergence of Sturm und Drang in music; the program notes explicitly indicated that the D minor finale was to evoke fear in the listener. Etymology: From Sturm und Drang. The parallel movement in the visual arts can be witnessed in paintings of storms and shipwrecks showing the terror and irrational destruction wrought by nature. Musical theater became the meeting place of the literary and musical strands of Sturm und Drang, with the aim of increasing emotional expression in opera. Pronunciation of Sturm und Drang and its etymology. Used mostly in German music of the Romantic era. A force of nature. Sturm und Drang is a Finland-Swedish heavy metal/hard rock band from Vaasa, Finland, formed in 2004.The band currently consists of lead singer/guitarist André Linman, guitarist Jani Kuoppamaa, keyboardist Jesper Welroos, bassist/backing vocalist Joel Wendlin and drummer/backing vocalist Calle Fahllund, following the departures of bassist Henrik Kurkiala and guitarist Alexander Ivars. (2006). 1 : a late 18th century German literary movement characterized by works containing rousing action and high emotionalism that often … Wagner was best known for his two plays, Die Reue nach der Tat (“The Remorse After the Deed”) in 1775 and Die Kindermorderin (“The Childmurderess”) in 1776. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Definition of STURM UND DRANG in the Definitions.net dictionary. Sturm und Drang - a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally); "the industrial revolution was a period of great turbulence" upheaval , turbulence political science , politics , government - the study of government of states and other political units The literary topos of the "Kraftmensch" existed as a precursor to Sturm und Drang among dramatists beginning with F.M. Sturm und Drang definition: a German literary movement of the latter half of the 18th century, characterized by a... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples You can also find multiple synonyms or similar words of Sturm Und Drang. Meaning of Sturm und Drang with illustrations and photos. The movement soon gave way to Weimar Classicism and early Romanticism, whereupon a socio-political concern for greater human freedom from despotism was incorporated along with a religious treatment of all things natural. Ständewesen ) Bürgerliche Hauptcharakter Ohne Gleichheit aller, wäre die Liebe der beiden nicht möglich Unüberlegte und oft freie Sprache Sturm und Drang This idea of feeling unable to change one's situation is typical of many Sturm und Drang plays. Search Sturm und Drang and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. Learn definitions, uses, and phrases with sturm. Sturm und Drang explanation. Example sentences containing Sturm und Drang Define Sturm und Drang. C. PMLA, Vol. Nevertheless, relative to the influence of Sturm und Drang on literature, the influence on musical composition was limited, and many efforts to label music as conforming to this trend are tenuous at best. For them, sentimentality and an objective view of life gave way to emotional turbulence and individuality, and enlightenment ideals such as rationalism, empiricism, and universalism no longer captured the human condition; emotional extremes and subjectivity became the vogue during the late 18th century. Leidner, Alan. [4], Sturm und Drang came to be associated with literature or music aimed at shocking the audience or imbuing them with extremes of emotion. WordNet 3.6. n Sturm und Drang a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally) "the industrial revolution was a period of great turbulence" *** Usage. [12] More interesting is the emancipation of the wind instruments in this piece, with the violins yielding to colorful bursts from the oboe and flute. (eds.). Following Schiller's plays Die Räuber ("The Robbers") and Kabale und Liebe ("Intrigue and Love"), he went on to become a major poet as well as to write famous essays and Weimar Classical drama (Leidner xiv). One point of view would limit the movement to Goethe, Johann Gottfried Herder, Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz, and their direct German associates writing works of fiction and/or philosophy between 1770 and the early 1780s. Leidner, Alan C. Sturm Und Drang: The German Library. 3 (1772), Piano Sonata Hob. Cet article est extrait de l'ouvrage Larousse « Dictionnaire de la musique ». Definition. Within the movement, individual subjectivity and, in particular, extremes of emotion were given free expression in reaction to the perceived constraints of rationalism imposed by the Enlightenment and associated aesthetic movements. Noun. German romanticism period, taken from the title of a 1776 romantic drama by Friedrich Maximilian von Klinger (1752-1831), who gave it this name at the suggestion of Christoph Kauffmann. Lenz's use of reserved dialogue, open form, violence, and a combination of comedy and tragedy precursors the works of contemporary authors such as Friedrich Dürrenmatt and Bertolt Brecht (Waterhouse v). Goethe und Herder waren die Protagonisten der literarischen Bewegung des Sturm und Drang. Although almost accidental in origin, the term ‘Sturm und Drang’ reflected ancient Stoic concepts of tempestas and affectus, according to Heckscher (1966–7), now positively rather than negatively valorized with regard to artistic creation. French neoclassicism (including French neoclassical theatre), a movement beginning in the early Baroque, with its emphasis on the rational, was the principal target of rebellion for adherents of the Sturm und Drang movement. Five Plays of the Sturm und Drang. Goethe and Schiller began their careers as prominent members of the movement. a German literary movement of the latter half of the 18th century, characterized by a reaction against rationalism. The Sturm und Drang movement also paid a lot of attention to the language of a piece of literature. He also worked with the Abel Seyler troupe for a year and a half (Pascal 132). [8] These ideals are identical to those of Sturm und Drang, and it can be argued that the later name exists to catalog a number of parallel, co-influential movements in German literature rather than express anything substantially different from what German dramatists were achieving in the violent plays attributed to the Kraftmensch movement. However, it is likely the influence of numerous minor-key works by the Czech composer Johann Baptist Wanhal (a Viennese contemporary and acquaintance of Mozart), rather than a self-conscious adherence to a German literary movement, which is responsible for the harmonic and melodic experiments in the Symphony no. ‘The German Sturm und Drang and the English Romantic Movement were about to sweep away the fragile lessons of the Enlightenment and reveal the dark recesses of the human soul.’ ‘Germany is another example - the movement known as Sturm und Drang (Storm and Stress) - was an independent cultural development.’ Define Sturm und Drang. Johann Georg Hamann, a noted German philosopher and a major promoter of the Sturm und Drang movement, “defended the native culture of the Volk and maintained that language, the root of all our experience, was richer in images and more powerful prior to the ‘abstract’ eighteenth century” (Liedner viii). Klinger’s most famous play, Sturm und Drang (1776), is the seminal piece of literature associated with the Sturm und Drang epoch. Definition. Strangely, the play is set in revolutionary America, not Germany. Sturm und Drang definition is - a late 18th century German literary movement characterized by works containing rousing action and high emotionalism that often deal with the individual's revolt against society. 104, No. The movement took its name from the 1776 play Sturm und Drang, a work by one of its proponents, dramatist and novelist Friedrich von Klinger. The protagonist in a typical Sturm und Drang stage work, poem, or novel is driven to action—often violent action—not by pursuit of noble means nor by true motives, but by revenge and greed. Another common theme seen in Die Kindermorderin is the idea of society hindering change. He is remembered for his single complete play, Julius of Taranto (1776), which is considered the forerunner of Schiller's work The Robbers (1781). Additionally, disturbing visions and portrayals of nightmares were gaining an audience in Germany as evidenced by Goethe's possession and admiration of paintings by Fuseli capable of 'giving the viewer a good fright. Belmont: Thomson Schirmer. Looking for definition of Sturm und Drang? Sturm und Drang . 14. [15] He was married to Sophie Seyler, the daughter of theatre director Abel Seyler. The band has sold over 200,000 records. Klinger, the expression of which is seen in the radical degree to which individuality need appeal to no outside authority save the self nor be tempered by rationalism. Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz was born in Sesswegen, now Latvia, on the January 23, 1751. The Classical period music (1750–1800) associated with Sturm und Drang is predominantly written in a minor key to convey difficult or depressing sentiments. 2007, S. 107. Sturm und Drang (1770–76). Writers such as Heinrich Leopold Wagner, Goethe, Lenz, Klinger, and Schiller used episodic structure, violence, and mixed genres to comment on societal rules and morals, while doubting that anything would change. Sturm und Drang are a five-member heavy metal band with power metal and hard rock influences from Vaasa, Finland.Sturm und Drang have released two studio albums and toured places like Europe, Scandinavia and Japan. Some of Klinger’s works include Die Zwillinge (1776), Die neue Arria (1776), Simsone Grisaldo (1776), and Stilpo und seine Kinder (1780). Sturm und Drang (n.). German, literally, storm and stress, from Sturm und Drang (1776), drama by Friedrich von Klinger †1831 German novelist and dramatist, Listen to Our Podcast about Sturm und Drang, Theme music by Joshua Stamper ©2006 New Jerusalem Music/ASCAP. Goethe and Herder were the protagonists of the literary movement of Sturm und Drang. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! The most important contemporary document was the 1773 volume Von deutscher Art und Kunst. STURM UND DRANG 'STURM UND DRANG' is a 13 letter phrase starting with S and ending with G Crossword clues for 'STURM UND DRANG' Vienna, the center of German/Austrian music, was a cosmopolitan city with an international culture; therefore, melodically innovative and expressive works in minor keys by Haydn or Mozart from this period should generally be considered first in the broader context of musical developments taking place throughout Europe. Print. Definition of Sturm und Drang in the Fine Dictionary. '[14] Notable artists included Joseph Vernet, Caspar Wolf, Philip James de Loutherbourg, and Henry Fuseli. Sturm und Drang (/ ˌ ʃ t ʊər m ʊ n t ˈ d r æ ŋ, ˈ d r ɑː ŋ /; German pronunciation: [ˈʃtʊɐ̯m ʊnt ˈdʁaŋ], literally "storm and drive", though usually translated as "storm and stress") was a proto-Romantic movement in German literature and music that occurred between the late 1760s and early 1780s. Nevertheless, the originators of the movement came to view it as a time of premature exuberance that was then abandoned in favor of often conflicting artistic pursuits.[7]. Also the name of a gun (Sturm-Ruger) and an 18th century cultural movement (Sturm und Drang = storm and stress) which encouraged people to speak as they wanted without constraint. Goethe was the director of theatre at the Weimar Theatre where he eventually ran the entire company. New York: The Continuum Publishing Company, 1992. n. 1. Johann Anton Leisewitz was born in Hanover in 1752 and studied law. Works during this period often feature a newly impassioned or agitated element; however, Haydn never mentions Sturm und Drang as a motivation for his new compositional style,[11] and there remains an overarching adherence to classical form and motivic unity. [5], There is much debate regarding whose work should or should not be included in the canon of Sturm und Drang. Sturm und Drang in British English. Jean Jacques Rousseau's 1762 play, Pygmalion (first performed in 1770) is a similarly important bridge in its use of underlying instrumental music to convey the mood of the spoken drama. The theatre director Abel Seyler, the owner of the Seylersche Schauspiel-Gesellschaft, had an important role in promoting the Sturm und Drang poets. Sturm und drang definition, a style or movement of German literature of the latter half of the 18th century: characterized chiefly by impetuosity of manner, exaltation of individual sensibility and intuitive perception, opposition to established forms of society and thought, and extreme nationalism. The definition of Sturm Und Drang is followed by practically usable example sentences which allow you to construct your own sentences based on it. 20 No. Die Bezeichnung geht auf das Drama „Sturm und Drang“ von Friedrich Maximilian Klinger? Many Sturm und Drang plays showed interest in how society affects the individual, a common theme in many Enlightenment plays as well. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 09:20. After this trip he returned with interest in classical ideas and writing, and a new form of writing emerged called Weimar Classicism. ',gegen etw. More from Merriam-Webster on Sturm und Drang, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for Sturm und Drang. Dictionary entry overview: What does Sturm und Drang mean? What does Sturm und Drang mean? Although it’s now a generic synonym of "turmoil," the term was originally used in English to identify a late 18th-century German literary movement whose works were filled with rousing action and high emotionalism, and often dealt with an individual rebelling against the injustices of society. Sturm und Drang, (German: “Storm and Stress”), German literary movement of the late 18th century that exalted nature, feeling, and human individualism and sought to overthrow the Enlightenment cult of Rationalism. Mozart's Symphony No. Sturm und Drang. Most people chose this as the best definition of sturm-und-drang: Turmoil; ferment.... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. The best of the Stürmer und Dränger grew out of their Sturm und Drang, and it was necessary to indicate in what ways [Johann Gottfried] Herder and [Johann Wolfgang von] Goethe changed as they grew older. Heckscher, William S. (1966–1967) Simiolus: Leidner, Alan. The rise of the middle class in the 18th century led to a change in the way society and social standings were looked at. sturm-and-drang definition: Noun (uncountable) 1. The clearest musical connections to the self-styled Sturm und Drang movement can be found in opera and the early predecessors of program music, such as Haydn's Farewell Symphony. However, the movement is actually a continuation of the Enlightenment. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen, Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sturm_und_Drang&oldid=998853779, Articles needing additional references from January 2017, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Symphonies, keyboard concertos and sonatas including Symphony in E minor Wq. The term Sturm und Drang first appeared as the title of a play by Friedrich Maximilian Klinger, written for Abel Seyler's Seylersche Schauspiel-Gesellschaft and published in 1776. ‘The German Sturm und Drang and the English Romantic Movement were about to sweep away the fragile lessons of the Enlightenment and reveal the dark recesses of the human soul.’ ‘Germany is another example - the movement known as Sturm und Drang (Storm and Stress) - was an independent cultural development.’ Collins English Dictionary. Meaning of STURM UND DRANG. Proto-Romantic movement in German literature and music, For the play for which the era was named, see, "Storm and Stress" redirects here. Ein bisschen Sturm und Drang im Wasserglas, so was. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Both of these works are seminal examples of Sturm und Drang in German literature. C. PMLA, Vol. Wiktionary (0.00 / 0 votes) Rate this definition: sturm and drang (Noun) Turmoil. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Friedrich Schiller were notable proponents of the movement early in their lives, although they ended their period of association with it by initiating what would become Weimar Classicism. Delivered to your inbox! Sturm und Drang (shtŏŏr m′ ŏŏnt dr äng′), Literature a style or movement of German literature of the latter half of the 18th century: characterized chiefly by impetuosity of manner, exaltation of individual … Many writers of the Sturm und Drang movement considered themselves to be challengers of the Enlightenment. Sturm is contained in 1 match in Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Goethe's unfinished Prometheus exemplifies this along with the common ambiguity provided by juxtaposing humanistic platitudes with outbursts of irrationality. Sturm und Drang / ˈ ʃ t ʊ ɐ̯ m ʊ n t ˈ d ʁ a ŋ / [1] (litt. Define Sturm und Drang by Webster's Dictionary, WordNet Lexical Database, Dictionary of Computing, Legal Dictionary, Medical Dictionary, Dream Dictionary. Writing for string instruments features tremolo and sudden, dramatic dynamic changes and accents. 1. a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally) Familiarity information: STURM UND DRANG used as a noun is very rare. Der Sturm und Drang (auch bezeichnet als Geniezeit und Genieperiode) war eine geistige und literarische Strömung in Deutschland, die in der Zeit von 1760 bis 1785 angesiedelt ist. Preminger, Alex; Brogan, T. V. F. He wrote his first important play, Goetz von Berlichingen in 1773, in Shakespearean style, a defining characteristic of the Sturm und Drang movement (Wilson and Goldfarb 287). 25 (the 'Little' G-minor symphony, 1773) is one of only two minor-key symphonies by the composer. The story of hopeless love and eventual suicide presented in Goethe's sentimental novel Die Leiden des jungen Werthers (1774) is an example of the author's tempered introspection regarding his love and torment. zurück, das ursprünglich den Titel „Wirrwarr“ trug. The band currently consists of lead singer/guitarist André Linman, guitarist Jani Kuoppamaa, keyboardist Jesper Welroos, bassist/backing vocalist Joel Wendlin and drummer/backing vocalist Calle Fahllund, following the departures of bassist Henrik Kurkiala and guitarist Alexander Ivars. He developed a strong relationship with Goethe, one of the most influential writers of the time (Wilson and Goldfarb 287). Sturm und Drang (uncountable) A proto- Romantic movement in German literature and music which occurred from the late 1760s to the early 1780s, emphasizing individual subjectivity and the free expression of emotions.

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